The Book of Hebrews.
It used to be a complete mystery to me until I began asking the Lord in prayer. When I “stumbled” upon true New Covenant teaching that emphasized when, how and why the Old Covenant ended, Hebrews was suddenly filled with life!
It’s a book written at the very end of the Old Covenant (70 AD) and compares Moses as inferior to Jesus, Old inferior to New, blood of animals inferior to Jesus blood, Tabernacle in Jerusalem inferior to Heavenly Temple, Old Priesthood inferior to Jesus as our High Priest…
From that perspective, let’s consider the Old (Mosaic) Covenant and the New Covenant of Jesus.
The name “Leviticus” means “relating to the Levites” because they were the priests. Now WE “ARE the royal Priesthood.”After 25 chapters of detailed instruction (that all has practical symbolic fulfillment in Christ!), Moses gave strict warnings of “Woes” to the children that would disobey.
14‘But if you do not obey Me and do not carry out all these commandments…and so break My covenant…(many descriptions of destruction follow)…
23‘And if by these things you are not turned to Me, but act with hostility against Me, 24then I will act with hostility against you; and I, even I, will strike you seven times for your sins. 25‘I will also bring upon you a sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant; and when you gather together into your cities, I will send pestilence among you, so that you shall be delivered into enemy hands.”
I hear very clear parallels to Jesus declarations of woes to Jerusalem in Matt.21-24 and John’s 7 seals, 7 trumpets and 7 bowel judgements described in Revelation.
“27‘Yet if in spite of this you do not obey Me, but act with hostility against Me, 28then I will act with wrathful hostility against you, and I, even I, will punish you seven times for your sins. 29‘Further, you will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters you will eat. 30‘I then will destroy your high places, and cut down your incense altars, and heap your remains on the remains of your idols, for My soul shall abhor you. 31‘I will lay waste your cities as well and will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell your soothing aromas. 32‘I will make the land desolate so that your enemies who settle in it will be appalled over it. 33‘You, however, I will scatter among the nations and will draw out a sword after you, as your land becomes desolate and your cities become waste.
Josephus recorded very accurate detail of these things happening in Israel at the time of the Temple’s destruction in 70 AD.
34‘Then the land will enjoy its sabbaths all the days of the desolation, while you are in your enemies’ land; then the land will rest and enjoy its sabbaths.
So it was for many generations.
Because the Covenant with God and Israel was only between them. They rejected the promised one, Jesus and the New Covenant that he brought but, the destruction of their system and it’s Covenant (which was fully accomplished in 70 AD) brought much better promises to ALL WHO WOULD BELIEVE!
It’s not simply “The New Testament” but, it’s found within New and Old Testament promises! The Law is simply “Love God and love mankind as God loves you.” but, the promises are extensive! 2 Cor.1:20~
20For as many as are the promises of God, in Him they are yes; therefore also through Him is our Amen to the glory of God through us.
A powerful contrast between the word’s of Moses shared from Lev.26, when the Covenant was detailed is Jesus’ words in John 14-17. Many scholars agree that Jesus was speaking like the “High Priest” in these last words but, they don’t mention the allusion to the “New Covenant” being revealed. None of Matt, Mk or Luke record these covenant details and it may be because only John wrote his after 70 AD and Heb.8:13 and 9:7-10 says ~
The Old covenant was at that time passing away but, the way into the Holy of Holies was not open to any man until the Temple was destroyed and the outward rituals associated with it abolished and the New Covenant age completely ushered in….
The New Covenant was inaugurated with Jesus’ blood but, not fully realized until the Old was completely out of the way!
Either this all happened in 70 AD…or we are still under O.T. requirements to sacrifice animals and atone for our own sins.