I love Moses who served faithfully as a servant in God’s house. But, Jesus brought the Better New Covenant because he succeeded where Moses failed. There is a lot of emphasis on Moses missing it at the 2nd Rock when he struck it instead of speaking to it. However, Moses had previously missed it big time and I believe caused the children of God to misunderstand their loving Lord and be separated from their calling!
Quickly running through Exodus 19 when God gave them the Law/Old Covenant. It’s important to remember that they only had the Covenant of Circumcision that God gave to Abraham at that point. They had not written law or commandments; except to circumcise their boy children on the 8th day, Passover, The Sabbath and setting apart the Firstborn.
“3And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shall you say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel…5Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people: for all the earth is mine: 6And you shall be to me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.”
It was not God’s desire to give them the Law and Commandments. It was His desire for them to obey his voice and keep the already established covenant of circumcision! This was a fore-shadow of what has come to us in Christ because God wanted a holy (set-apart) nation of men and women priests to the Lord! That’s what He always wanted and that’s what He has established in the New Creation, where male nor female no longer matters!
7And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.” Moses got it perfect the first time!
8And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD has spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people to the LORD.” The people completely agreed and Moses went back up as their mediator. Everything was proceeding smoothly. BUT…
The Lord gave Moses more specific instruction and it was a little lengthy. ~ “10And the LORD said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, 11And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people on mount Sinai. 12And you shall set bounds to the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that you go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whoever touches the mount shall be surely put to death: 13There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet sounds long, they shall come up to the mount.
Too summarize ~ 1) YOU go sanctify the people. 2) Let THEM wash their own clothes. 3) Everyone be ready for the 3rd day . 4) YOU sanctify the Mountain and nothing can touch it UNTIL the long trumpet blast.
This is where Moses messed up. Whether because of length or a simple misunderstanding; He did not deliver the Lord’s Word exactly as He received it like in verse 7.
He delivered 1-3 great but, for some reason he completely altered the 4th instruction!
God never gave him any instructions to men concerning women! Maybe, Moses had a pre-conceived idea concerning women being unclean and unable to be priests. This bias could have been because of his knowledge of the ways of the Egyptian Priests. Multiple commentaries and Historians agree that Egyptian Priests were not allowed to go near women for some time before a sacred or solemn service.
Moses was born and raised in Egypt, even in Pharaoh’s house; so he may have unintentionally filtered God’s words through his own bias!
I believe Moses’ intentions were good! He sincerely wanted to deliver God’s Words accurately to the Children of the Lord but perhaps, He hadn’t completely left Egypt behind! Unlike Moses, we are dead to Egypt (sin) and the Law in Christ through the Cross (Passover) and Baptism (Crossing the Red Sea) but, we need to keep our mind in Christ day by day!
Praise the Lord, we know the Spirit of Truth continually guides us into the truth!
Interestingly, the Chapter finishes with God telling Moses to warn the people and “22“Also let the priests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves” but, Moses back-talked to the Lord (v.23) because he had missed it.
Remember there was no Levitical Priesthood, not even Aaron at that point! God had called them to listen to his voice as a nation of Priests! But, Moses had accidentally misrepresented God’s intent to have an entire male and female nation of priests by giving a different word than the Lord’s Word. Even though 3 out of 4 isn’t bad, it cut off half of the population from relationship with God! If the Mediator only got 75% of God’s voice command right, how could the rest of the people fully obey?
A few verses later; God reluctantly gave them the Law. The Nation of Priests was replaced a tribe of Priests, 1/12th of the male population, which was approximately 1/24th of God’s original intent…a Kingdom of priests!
Not because the people disobeyed…they had been unintentionally informed! It was Moses, God’s mouthpiece that mistakenly put a slight twist on God’s Words and unknowingly separated half of the Holy Nation from their calling.
The Lord Jesus Christ has undone the mistake Moses made. The Law is completely fulfilled and out of the way forever and the promised inheritance to Abraham is by faith in Christ to men and women; priests to the Lord! Children who try to inherit and apply any part of the Law are under the curse of the Law and will not inherit God’s promises in this life!
We are not going back. We are moving forward in Him. We continue to build on the Foundation already laid, which is the Lord Jesus Christ and do not add any pieces of the Law in God’s House!